Soon after, the Hawaiian Missionary Society was founded and sent missionaries into Micronesia. Udfyld bekymring med en kort beskrivelse. The largest group of languages spoken in Micronesia are the Micronesian languages. Select from premium Mikronesien of the highest quality. The roughly 3000 residents of the Federated States of Micronesia that reside in Kapingamarangi, nicknamed 'Kapings', are both one of the most remote and most difficult people to visit in Micronesia and the entire world. [60] This quadrennial international multi-sport event involves all of Micronesia's countries and territories except Wake Island. Guam : Midway Islands : Wake Island : … ", "New precise dates for the ancient and sacred coral pyramidal tombs of Leluh (Kosrae, Micronesia)", United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, "Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands: Overview", "Micronesians - Introduction, Location, Language, Folklore, Religion, Major holidays, Rites of passage", "Isolation, contact and social behavior shaped genetic diversity in West Timor", "Northern Mariana Islands Demographics Profile 2016", "Federated States of Micronesia Ethnic groups - Demographics", "Dual origins of the Japanese: Common ground for hunter-gatherer and farmer Y chromosomes", "Education Profile of Micronesia, Micronesia Education, Education in Micronesia, Universities in Micronesia, Schools in Micronesia, Micronesia Education Profile", "Outline of the Fisheries Training Project in the Federated States of Micronesia", "Regional journalists form Micronesian media group", "INTERNATIONAL FOOTBALL CENSUS 2007: Clubs & Players - Internationally", List of countries where Arabic is an official language, Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests, Northwestern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows, Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt pine–oak forests, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Micronesia&oldid=1004077896, Articles to be expanded from December 2013, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2018, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Roman Catholic 50%, Protestant 47%, others 3%, Roman Catholic 85%, Buddhism 3.6, other religion 11.4%, Asian 56.3%, Pacific islander 36.3%, White 1.8%, other 0.8%, mixed 4.8%, This page was last edited on 1 February 2021, at 00:00. Stylistically, traditional Micronesian art is streamlined and of a practical simplicity to its function, but is typically finished to a high standard of quality. [14], Micronesia's artistic tradition has developed from the Lapita culture. Western Micronesia was unaware of the ceremonial drink, which was called saka on Kosrae and sakau on Pohnpei. The local language is the Kapingamarangi language. Mikronesien (officielt: Mikronesiens Fødererede Stater, Federated States of Micronesia) er en ø-stat, beliggende i Oceanien. The home atoll of Chuuk is also known by the former name Truk. That is, D-M116.1 (D1b1) is generally believed to be a primary subclade of D-M64.1 (D1b), possibly as a result of the Japanese military occupation of Southeast Asia during World War II.[33]. Nationally, the primary income is the sale of fishing rights to foreign nations that harvest tuna using huge purse seiners. There are also substantial Asian communities found across the region, most notably in the Northern Mariana Islands where they form the majority and smaller communities of Europeans who have migrated from the United States or are descendants of settlers during European colonial rule in Micronesia. [44] The people of Palau, the Marianas and Yap often chew betel nuts seasoned with lime and pepper leaf. The origin of the Nauruan people has not yet been finally determined. Site of U.S. nuclear tests on Bikini Atoll. The Spanish government therefore decided to sell the remaining islands to a new colonial power: the German Empire. Australian Army ARH Tiger helicopter lands on Pikelot Island in Micronesia where three men were found safe and healthy on August 2, 2020 after three days. [12][17][18], The earliest known contact with Europeans occurred in 1521, when a Spanish expedition under Ferdinand Magellan reached the Marianas[19] This contact is recorded in Antonio Pigafetta's chronicle of Magellan's voyage, in which he recounts that the Chamorro people had no apparent knowledge of people outside of their island group. [31] A 2011 survey found that 93.1% of Micronesian are Christians. [59] There is a traditional Marshallese dance called beet, which is influenced by Spanish folk dances; in it, men and women side-step in parallel lines. Ngulu extends for 36 kilometres (22 mi) by 22 kilometres (14 mi) with 18 reef segments enclosing a deep central lagoon of 382 square kilometres (147 sq mi). Anderweitige Kreuzworträtsellexikon-Lexikon haben den Namen : Nauru, Nui, Etal, Bikini. There are 23 islands in the Bikini Atoll. It has a close shared cultural history with three other island regions — the Philippines to the west, Polynesia to the east, and Melanesia to the south - as well as with the wider community of Austronesian peoples. Næsten alle bygninger på Yap-atollen i Mikronesien er blevet svært skadet eller ødelagt efter en tyfon, skriver avisen Guam Daily News mandag. This article is about the greater region of Micronesia. Marshall Islanders were encountered by the expedition of Spanish navigator Álvaro de Saavedra Cerón in 1529. [citation needed] Ant Atoll, Kolonia: Se 20 anmeldelser, artikler og 24 billeder fra Ant Atoll på Tripadvisor. When the volcano sinks back down into the sea, the coral continues to grow, keeping the reef at or above water level. [citation needed] The average elevation is only about 2.1 metres (7 ft) above low tide level. In the early 17th century Spain colonized Guam, the Northern Marianas and the Caroline Islands (what would later become the Federated States of Micronesia and the Republic of Palau), creating the Spanish East Indies, which was governed from the Spanish Philippines. The Gilbert Islands are a chain of sixteen atolls and coral islands, arranged in an approximate north-to-south line. The Caroline Islands are a widely scattered archipelago consisting of about 500 small coral islands, north of New Guinea and east of the Philippines. Though they are all geographically part of the same region, they all have very different colonial histories. Further details may exist on the, Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, History of the Federated States of Micronesia, American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions, occupation of some of the Gilbert Islands, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Japanese settlement in the Federated States of Micronesia, Japanese military occupation of Southeast Asia, Agricultural Development in the American Pacific, Music of the Federated States of Micronesia, "Nauru: National Environmental Management Strategy and National Environmental Action Plan", "Yap Islands State, Federated States of Micronesia | Ecoregions | WWF", "Rock Art of the Pacific: Context and Intertextuality", "The Checkered Prehistory of Rice Movement Southwards as a Domesticated Cereal—from the Yangzi to the Equator", "An overview of latte period archaeology", "Latte villages in Guam and the Marianas: Monumentality or monumenterity? Today, most of Micronesia are independent states, except for the U.S. Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam and Wake Island, which are U.S. territories. [11][12], Around 800 CE, a second wave of migrants from Southeast Asia arrived in the Marianas, beginning what is now known as the Latte period. Jules Dumont d'Urville is usually credited with coining the term "Micronesia" in 1832, but in fact Domeny de Rienzi used the term a year earlier. Wood-carving, particularly by men, flourished in the region, resulted in richly decorated ceremonial houses in Belau, stylized bowls, canoe ornaments, ceremonial vessels and sometimes sculptured figures. These islands were ungovernable after the loss of the administrative center of Manila and indefensible after the loss of two Spanish fleets in the war. Northern Mariana Islands: Palau A beautiful nation with a lake full of jellyfish, and much more. The immigration of Carolinians to Saipan began in the early 19th century, after the Spanish reduced the local population of Chamorro natives to just 3,700. Reptiles are numerous and both mollusks and fish are an important food source. The Republic of Kiribati contains all of the Gilberts, including the island of Tarawa, the site of the country's capital. [10] The endagered Yap flying-fox, though often considered a subspecies of the Pelew flying fox or the Mariana fruit bat, is also endemic to Yap.[10]. [58] Some of the music is based around mythology and ancient Micronesian rituals. It includes four main archipelagos — the Caroline Islands, the Gilbert Islands, the Mariana Islands, and the Marshall Islands — as well as numerous islands that are not part of any archipelago. It is an unorganized, unincorporated territory of the United States. Nauru An island of phosphate. Copra production used to be a more significant source of income, however, world prices have dropped in part to large palm plantations that are now planted in places like Borneo. Nowhere else in Micronesia were pigs known about at that time. Though drums are not generally common in Micronesian music, one-sided hourglass-shaped drums are a major part of Marshallese music. The Pacific Community (SPC) is a regional intergovernmental organisation whose membership includes both nations and territories in the Pacific Ocean and their metropolitan powers. This region became the center of another wave of migrations radiating outwards, reconnecting them with other settled islands in western Micronesia. [39] The 2010 census for the Federated States of Micronesia showed 1.4% were Asian while statistics for Nauru showed 8% of Nauruans were Chinese. Territory of Guam and the rest belong to the U.S. Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands. Image of the Castle Bravo nuclear test, detonated on 1 March 1954, at Bikini Atoll. These new settlers built large structures with distinctive capped stone pillars known as haligi. Bikini Atoll Tauchen : Licence, download and use stock photos with IMAGO In 1976, the Northern Mariana Islands and the United States entered into a covenant of political union under which commonwealth status was granted the Northern Mariana Islands and its residents received United States citizenship. No need to register, buy now! During World War II, Nauru and Ocean Island were occupied by Japanese troops, with also an occupation of some of the Gilbert Islands and were bypassed by the Allied advance across the Pacific. The tourist industry consists mainly of scuba divers that come to see the coral reefs, do wall dives and visit sunken ships from WWII. I denne sammenhengen refererer begrepet organisme seg til en biologisk enhet som inneholder eller bærer den informasjonen som er nødvendig for sin egen … [11][12][13], Further migrations by other Austronesians also followed, likely from Sulawesi, settling Palau and Yap by around 1000 BCE. The Gilbert Islands (along with the Phoenix Islands and the Line Islands in Polynesia) comprise the Republic of Kiribati. The region has a tropical marine climate moderated by seasonal northeast trade winds. The city began in 1200 CE and was still being built when European explorers begin to arrive around 1600. The crews aboard fishing fleets contribute little to the local economy since their ships typically set sail loaded with stores and provisions that are cheaper than local goods. [38] The 2010 census showed the Northern Mariana Islands was 50% Asian of which 35.3% were Filipino, 6.8% Chinese, 4.2% Korean and 3.7% other Asian (mainly Japanese, Bangladeshi and Thai). The men had apparently set out from Pulawat atoll in a 23-foot boat on July 30 and had intended to travel about 27 miles to Pulap atoll … Mikroorganisme, mikrobe, er et encellet, levende vesen som er så lite at det bare kan sees i mikroskop. Under German control, the islands became a protectorate and were administered from German New Guinea. Germany lost all of her colonies at the end of World War I and the Northern Mariana Islands became a League of Nations Mandate, with Japan as the mandatory. Bikini-atollen – en samling koraløer i Marshalløerne i Stillehavet. Because of this mixture of descent, many of the ethnicities of Micronesia feel closer to some groups in Melanesia, or the Philippines. A good example of this are the Yapese people who are related to Austronesian tribes in the northern Philippines. Rätsel Hilfe für Atoll in Mikronesien There are 23 islands in the Bikini Atoll. The Marianas were politically divided in 1898, when the United States acquired title to Guam under the Treaty of Paris, 1898, which ended the Spanish–American War. Østaten ligger i det større område af Stillehavet, der ligeledes går under betegnelsen Mikronesien, som yderligere omfatter østaterne Guam, Kiribati, Marshalløerne, Nauru, Nordmarianerne og Palau . The Chamorro language is included in the Malayo-Polynesian subgroup of the Austronesian family. A few Japanese long liners still ply the waters. It developed from a mixture of Melanesians and Filipinos. Most residents of Micronesia can freely move to and work within, the United States. No need to register, buy now! The atolls and islands form two groups: the Ratak Chain and the Ralik Chain (meaning "sunrise" and "sunset" chains). This was followed by the construction of the Leluh complex in Kosrae in around 1200 CE. SOS is an internationally recognized distress signal that originates from Morse code. Traditional beliefs suggest that the music can be presented to people in dreams and trances, rather than being written by composers themselves. Find the perfect micronesia girl stock photo. There is little seasonal temperature variation. Access to the island is restricted and all activities on the island are managed by the United States Air Force. [14], The book Prehistoric Architecture in Micronesia argues that the most prolific pre-colonial Micronesian architecture is: "Palau's monumental sculpted hills, megalithic stone carvings and elaborately decorated structure of wood placed on piers above elevated stone platforms". Inside the lagoon of Ant Atoll, southwest of Pohnpei (Federated States of Micronesia).jpg 4,288 × 3,216; 3.04 MB Islands on the southern barrier reef of Pohnpei (Federated States of Micronesia) - Bikini.jpg 4,288 × 3,216; 3.07 MB Kreuzworträtsel Lösungen mit 3 - 6 Buchstaben für Atoll in Mikronesien. Nauru has two national sports, weightlifting and Australian rules football. One exception is Pohnpei in the Federated States of Micronesia, which still has the central volcano and coral reefs around it. They also reintroduced rice (which did not survive earlier voyages), making the Northern Marianas the only islands in Oceania where rice was grown prior to European contact. There are competing theories about where the first Micronesians came from, and when they arrived. Documents relating to the 1525 voyage of Diogo da Rocha suggest that he made the first European contact with inhabitants of the Caroline Islands, possibly staying on the Ulithi atoll for four months and encountering Yap. In contrast, it took until the end of the 19th/beginning of the 20th centuries for missionaries to fully convert the inhabitants of Melanesia; however, before a cultural contrast can even be made, one cannot neglect to take into account the fact that Melanesia has always had deadly strains of more malaria present in various degrees and distributions throughout its history {see: De Rays Expedition} and up to the present; in contrast, Micronesia does not and never seems to have had any malarial mosquitos nor pathogens on any of its islands in the past.[24]. Having few natural resources, the islands' wealth is based on a service economy, as well as some fishing and agriculture. Because of the location of some islands, the rainy season can sometimes include typhoons. The Agricultural Development in the American Pacific is a partnership of the University of Hawaii, American Samoa Community College, College of Micronesia, Northern Marianas College and the University of Guam. Ngulu Atoll is a coral atoll of three islands in the Caroline Islands in the Pacific Ocean, and forms a legislative district in Yap State in the Federated States of Micronesia. Among the most prominent works of the region is the megalithic floating city of Nan Madol. Human settlement of Micronesia began several millennia ago. In the Federated States of Micronesia, education is required for citizens aged 6 to 13,[49] and is important to their economy. Women created textiles and ornaments such as bracelets and headbands. [citation needed], The Nauruan people are an ethnicity inhabiting the Pacific island of Nauru. In conjunction to the European communities there are large amounts of mixed Micronesians, some of which have European ancestry. Fruit bats are native to Palau, but other mammals are rare. Cherokee Nation to preserve heirloom seeds in "doomsday" vault, Former WWE wrestler Gabbi Tuft comes out as transgender, Pro-Navalny rallies paused as Russian jails overflow with supporters, California Privacy/Information We Collect. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. They constitute 48% of the population of the Federated States of Micronesia. The United States has actual possession of Wake Island, which is under the immediate administration of the United States Air Force. Modern bands have blended the unique songs of each island in the country with modern music. The Mariana Islands are an arc-shaped archipelago made up by the summits of fifteen volcanic mountains. Their primary language is Carolinian, called Refaluwasch by native speakers, which has a total of about 5,700 speakers. They are most likely a blend of other Pacific peoples.[36]. [61] According to 2007 Australian Football League International Census figures, there are around 180 players in the Nauru senior competition and 500 players in the junior competition,[62] representing an overall participation rate of over 30% for the country. 4 Lösung. The children typically attend high school on Pohnpei where they stay with relatives in an enclave that is almost exclusively made up of Kapings. The islands of Bokonijien, Aerokojlol and Nam were vaporized during nuclear tests that occurred there. The Marshall Islands are located north of Nauru and Kiribati, east of the Federated States of Micronesia, and south of the U.S. territory of Wake Island. Wake Island as depicted by the United States Exploring Expedition, drawn by Alfred Thomas Agate, Aerial view Wake Island, looking westward. An illustration of the Cross Spikes Club[6] of the US Navy on Bikini Atoll, one of several Marshall Islands used for atomic bomb tests. Genetic testing found that 9.5% of males from Micronesia as well as 0.2% in East Timor[43] carry what is believed to reflect recent admixture from Japan. How the locals dress in Woleai Atoll (from a book Published in 1931) P.283.png 1,147 × 1,662; 3.55 MB Japanese airfield on Woleai Island under attack by U.S. Navy Task Force 58 planes, on 1 April 1944 (80-G-45318).jpg 5,698 × 4,254; 7.89 MB [2], Micronesia is a region that includes approximately 2100 islands, with a total land area of 2,700 km2 (1,000 sq mi), the largest of which is Guam, which covers 582 km2 (225 sq mi). Marshallese cuisine comprises the fare and foodways of the Marshall Islands, and includes local foods such as breadfruit, taro root, pandanus and seafood, among others. [citation needed] The average elevation is only about 2.1 metres (7 ft) above low tide level. We feature 65,300,000 royalty free photos, 337,000 stock footage clips, digital videos, vector clip art images, clipart pictures, background graphics, … The languages in the Micronesian family are Marshallese, Gilbertese, Kosraean, Nauruan, as well as a large sub-family called the Trukic–Ponapeic languages containing 11 languages. Bikini Atoll is an atoll in the Marshall Islands. Western cuisine is favored among young Palauans. The details of this colonization, however, are not very well known. Stort udvalg af hoteller nær Kuop Atoll i Weno. [56], The Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, a United Nations Trusteeship administered by the United States, borrowed heavily from United States law in establishing the Trust Territory Code during the Law and Development movement of the late 1950s and early 1960s. [11][12][14] In 200 BCE, a loosely connected group of Lapita colonists from Island Melanesia also migrated back northwards, settling the islands of eastern Micronesia almost simultaneously. Wellington, New Zealand — Three men have been rescued from a tiny Pacific island after writing a giant SOS sign in the sand that was spotted from above, authorities say. The islands are composed of low coral limestone and sand. Klares Wasser und Insel, Atoll Ant, Pohnpei, Mikronesien, Ozeanien Stock Image - ImageBROKER. The island is surrounded by a coral reef, which is exposed at low tide and dotted with pinnacles. In the Pacific, the United States took possession of the Spanish Philippines and Guam. Micronesia (UK: /ˌmaɪkrəˈniːziə/, US: /-ˈniːʒə/; from Ancient Greek: μικρός mikrós "small" and νῆσος nêsos "island") is a subregion of Oceania, comprising thousands of small islands in the western Pacific Ocean. Weriyeng[54] is one of the last two schools of traditional navigation found in the central Caroline Islands in Micronesia, the other being Fanur.[55]. The COM-FSM system also includes the Fisheries and Maritime Institute (FMI) on the Yap islands.[52][53]. It is thought that ancestors of the Carolinian people may have originally immigrated from the Asian mainland and Indonesia to Micronesia around 2,000 years ago. Ulithi was probably sighted by the Portuguese in 1526, but it remained… The majority of the islands in the area are part of a coral atoll. They descended from the Proto-Oceanic, which in turn descended via Proto-Malayo-Polynesian from Proto-Austronesian. The military ship Canberra, which was returning to Australia from exercises in Hawaii, diverted to the area and joined forces with U.S. searchers from Guam. Palauan cuisine includes local foods such as cassava, taro, yam, potato, fish and pork. [8] The presence of the reef has prevented the establishment of a seaport, although channels in the reef allow small boats access to the island. [56], In September 2007, journalists in the region founded the Micronesian Media Association.[57]. Se hotel-fotos og læs hotel-anmeldelser. En atol er resterne af en vulkanø, der er blevet omkranset af koralrev.Det gør, at atoller ligner en cirkel af land med en lavvandet lagune i midten.. Eksempler. Spain then sold the remaining northerly islands to Germany in 1899. For the sovereign state, see, Please expand the article to include this information. Independence from colonial powers in the second half of the century resulted in a renewed interest in, and respect for, traditional arts. The only way to legally visit is to first check-in, travel on a high-speed sailboat to the atoll and then backtrack almost 800 km (500 mi). The educational systems in the nations of Micronesia vary depending on the country and there are several higher level educational institutions. The Chuukese people are an ethnic group in Oceania. There are no regular flights. Vælg den bekymring. [37] According to the 2010 census results Guam was 26.3% Filipino, 2.2% Korean, 1.6% Chinese and 2% other Asian. A notable movement of contemporary art also appeared in Micronesia towards the end of the 20th century.[48]. "Atoll in Mikronesien" mit X Buchstaben (bekannte Lösungen) Mit lediglich 5 Buchstaben zählt NAURU zu den eher kürzeren Antworten für diese Kreuzworträtsel-Frage. Most Carolinians are of the Roman Catholic faith. However, it was considered a high-status crop and only used in rituals. These populations gradually moved southwards until they reached the Bismarck Archipelago and the Solomon Islands by 1300 BCE and reconnected with the Lapita culture of the southeast migration branch of Austronesians moving through coastal New Guinea and Island Melanesia. The Carolines consist of two republics: the Federated States of Micronesia, consisting of approximately 600 islands on the eastern side of the chain with Kosrae being the most eastern; and Palau consisting of 250 islands on the western side. During the 19th century, the region was divided between the colonial powers, but art continued to thrive. The total ocean area within the perimeter of the islands is 7,400,000 km2 (2,900,000 sq mi).[3]. Wer würde nicht auf den Marshallinseln, die nordöstlich von Australien liegen, gern mal Urlaub machen? Bikini Atoll is an atoll in the Marshall Islands. Atoll in Mikronesien - 4 wiederholt aufgerufene Lösungen. The men had apparently set out from Pulawat atoll in a 23-foot boat on July 30 and had intended to travel about 27 miles to Pulap atoll when they sailed off course and ran out of fuel, the department said. They are most closely related to other Austronesian natives to the west in the Philippines and Taiwan, as well as the Carolines to the south. We feature 65,600,000 royalty free photos, 337,000 stock footage clips, digital videos, vector clip art images, clipart pictures, background graphics, … By 1200 BCE, they again began crossing open seas beyond inter-island visibility, reaching Vanuatu, Fiji, and New Caledonia; before continuing eastwards to become the ancestors of the Polynesian people.

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